Executive Function Disorder

Executive function refers to your brain’s ability to analyze, organize, decide, and execute. Someone suffering from Executive Function Disorder also has difficulty with planning, organizing, scheduling, and completing a task. In a classroom setting, this can manifest itself in several ways. For example, a student may have a multiple-choice science test in two weeks’ time. A child without EFD will find it easier to allot a specific amount of time each day for an exam, recognize the format the exam will be in and plan accordingly. If a child struggles with executive function, then their time management skills will most likely let them down, leaving them with an upcoming due date that they haven’t prepared for.

Executive Function Disorder is not a reflection of laziness or a lack of effort. For children and adults with EFD, they can try exceedingly hard at a task and still come up short when it comes to using their mental skills to tackle it in an effective, planned way.


What’s the difference between ADD/ADHD and EFD?

Although closely-linked with Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), EFD differs significantly from both. While ADD, ADHD, and EFD all make it difficult to stay focused and on-task, EFD affects attention, learning, social, organizational, and time-management skills, in an almost-sequential fashion. Problems with staying on task aren’t exclusive to EFD. But if your child is experiencing problems with executive functions that extend beyond learning and attention issues and affect their directed action, then the issue may very well be EFD.


What are the symptoms of EFD?

Symptoms of EFD include:

  • Inability to plan ahead
  • Difficulty stringing together actions to meet long-term goals
  • Struggles with organizing materials and schedules
  • Analyzing tasks for proper execution
  • Completing assignments in a timely fashion


How can St. Louis LDA help?

St. Louis LDA provides comprehensive consultation and ongoing support for an effective strategy to success. After our pre-screening interview with the parents or guardians, our team administers specific tests designed to help with diagnoses and tailoring a support plan. Our team provides the specialized care your child needs for sustained success.